In recent years, with the pollution of the seas and the ecological system in general, one sector that was affected was that of natural pearls. As demand increased and quantities were insufficient, pearls began to be grown on special farms. The process is time consuming and not at all easy, suffice it to say that out of the 2,000 mussels that will be cultivated, only 10 mussels will produce pearls that will be of high quality standards.
Natural pearls are created normally when a grain of sand, bark (mussel) or parasite enters his body and he can not eliminate it, it is his natural defense. Cultivable pearls are not man-made, but are man-made and, of course, grow into live mussels. Cultivable pearls start from a mussel-core, a graft that is surgically placed in the mussel. To protect the mussel, it secretes crystalline substances, called margarine, onto the graft.
Over time, layers of pearl are built, one on top of the other, creating a pearl with the desired deep polish. There is no other difference between them as both are products of nature.
Fake pearls are man-made and are made in factories without the use of mussels, with organic and inorganic chemicals and other elements. There are two simple ways to distinguish between the natural and the false:
- With the tooth. Scraping it gently on the teeth, you have the feeling of sand in the natural, on the contrary the fake has a feeling of plastic.
- With the ambient temperature the natural ones adapt to the temperature of the body space while the fake ones do not.